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聚焦国际组织( III-Ⅳ )—— 国际金融机构:历史、目的和治理

讲座主题:International Financial Institutions: History, Purposes and Governance (国际金融机构:历史、目的和治理)
 
(III)
讲座时间:2022年5月13日(周五)15:00-17:00(北京时间)
ZOOM ID:845 8954 2354
ZOOM 密码:524553
 
(Ⅳ)
讲座时间:2022年5月20日(周五)15:00-17:00(北京时间)
ZOOM ID:816 7949 2077
ZOOM 密码:973444
 
开讲学者:
Gerard Johannes Sanders(亚洲基础设施投资银行行长高级顾问、前总法律顾问)
 
主持人:
陈一峰(太阳集团游戏2138网站副教授)
 
开讲学者简介:
  杰拉德·桑德斯是亚洲基础设施投资银行的行长高级顾问、前总法律顾问。此前,他曾担任亚投行总法律顾问,为决策机关提供咨询建议,建立并领导法律职能部门。他曾在国际农业发展基金的罗马总部担任总法律顾问。再之前,他曾在欧洲复兴开发银行担任多个职位,直至副总法律顾问。在其职业生涯的早期,桑德斯先生曾在惠灵顿、华盛顿特区、阿姆斯特丹的律所和伦敦一家公司的法务部门任职。
  桑德斯先生在新西兰奥塔哥大学获得了法学与商学学士学位,并拥有惠灵顿维多利亚大学和哈佛法学院的法学硕士学位。他有在新西兰、维多利亚州、澳大利亚以及英格兰和威尔士的执业资格。他是澳大利亚和新西兰的特许会计师,特许仲裁员协会的会员和特许证券与投资协会的会员。他是英格兰和威尔士律师协会的成员,澳大利亚和新西兰特许会计师协会的成员,亦是英国纠纷解决中心的认可调解员。
  桑德斯先生是伦敦玛丽女王大学商法研究中心荣誉教授,中国政法大学兼职教授。他还曾经担任过北京大学的兼职教授和东京大学的访问教授。他也是英国国际法研究所的高级研究员。
  桑德斯先生是《转变中的法律》的创始编辑、《亚投行国际法年鉴》的首任总编辑,以及《曼彻斯特国际经济法杂志》顾问委员会成员。他撰写并教授有关多边金融机构法律、发展中国家法律与发展和法律改革的大量著作。他最近发表的文章《丝绸之路上的法治:历史、文化、视角》发表在《哈佛国际法学期刊》上。
Mr. Sanders is Senior Adviser to the President and General Counsel Emeritus of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, an international financial institution headquartered in Beijing. He earlier served as General Counsel of the AIIB, advising the governance bodies and establishing and leading the legal function. Previously he was General Counsel at the International Fund for Agricultural Development, a specialized agency of the United Nations, working at its headquarters in Rome. Prior to that, Mr. Sanders held various positions at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development working in its principal office in London, most recently as Deputy General Counsel. Earlier in his career, Mr. Sanders worked for law firms in Wellington, Washington, D.C. and Amsterdam and in a corporate legal role in London.
Mr. Sanders graduated with degrees in law and commerce from the University of Otago, New Zealand, and has post-graduate law degrees from Victoria University of Wellington and Harvard Law School. He is qualified to practice law in New Zealand, the State of Victoria, Australia, as well as England and Wales. Mr. Sanders is a Chartered Accountant (Australia and New Zealand), a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators and a Chartered Fellow of the Chartered Institute for Securities and Investment. He is a member of the Law Society of England and Wales, a member of Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand and a CEDR accredited mediator.
Mr.Sanders is Honorary Professor at the Centre for Commercial Law Studies,Queen Mary University of London, and Adjunct Professor at China University of Political Science and Law. He has held a number of other academic positions, most recently Adjunct Professor at Peking University and Visiting Professor at Tokyo University. He is also Senior Fellow of the British Institute of International and Comparative Law.
Mr. Sanders is Founding Editor of Law in Transition, Inaugural General Editor of the AIIB Yearbook of International Law and a member of the advisory board of the Manchester Journal of International Economic Law. He has written and taught extensively on the law of multilateral financial institutions, law and development and legal reform in developing countries. His recent article, "The Rule of Law on the Silk Road: History, Culture, Perspectives", was published by the Harvard International Law Journal.
 
讲座摘要:
  国际金融机构(包括多边开发银行在内)在支持政府间开发工作的体制结构中处于中心支柱的地位。国际金融机构根据各自的任务为项目和计划提供资金,所有这些项目和计划都有助于实现维持和平和改善生活的全球目标。这两次讲座探讨了这种情况是如何产生的,以及我们能从探究过程中了解到什么。讲座将深入探讨国际金融机构的历史以及影响其演变的其他国际组织。讲座将批判性地评估思想家和事件如何影响今天的国际金融机构,特别是它们的目的和治理安排是如何形成的。
International financial institutions, including multilateral development banks, are a central pillar in the institutional architecture supporting intergovernmental development efforts. IFIs finance projects and programs consistent with their individual mandates, all of which converge in realising agreed global goals, namely sustaining peace and improving lives. These two lectures look at how this state of affairs came about and what we can learn from the enquiry process. The lectures delve into the history of IFs and the other international organisations that influenced their evolution.
The lectures critically assess how thinkers and events influenced today's IFIs, in particular how their purposes and governance arrangements have come to be shaped.